NEET UG Entrance Exam 2018

Central Board of Secondary Education conduct National Eligibility–cum–Entrance Test ( NEET ) for admissions to MBBS / BDS Courses for the session 2018 – 19.

Medical Entrance Exam Question Bank CD

National Eligibility–cum–Entrance Test

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test ( UG ) 2018 ( NEET UG 2018 ) will be conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education ( CBSE ), for admission to MBBS / BDS Courses in India in Medical / Dental Colleges run with the approval of Medical Council of India / Dental Council of India under the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India except for the institutions established through an Act of Parliament i.e. AIIMS and JIPMER Puducherry. Following is stated in the regulations :

There shall be a single eligibility cum entrance examination namely National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to MBBS / BDS courses’ in each academic year.

In order to be eligible for admission to MBBS / BDS Courses for a particular academic year, it shall be necessary for a candidate to obtain minimum marks in ‘National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test’ held for the said academic year besides obtaining minimum prescribed marks at the qualifying examination.

The reservation of seats in Medical / Dental colleges for respective categories shall be as per applicable laws prevailing in States / Union Territories. An all India merit list of the eligible candidates shall be prepared on the basis of the marks obtained in National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission in MBBS / BDS courses from the said lists only.

No candidate who has failed to obtain the minimum eligibility marks as prescribed by the Medical Council of India / Dental Council of India shall be admitted to MBBS / BDS Courses in the said academic year.

All admissions to MBBS / BDS courses within the respective categories shall be based solely on marks obtained in the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test.

The Central Board of Secondary Education shall be the organization to conduct National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to MBBS / BDS courses.

NEET UG 2018 Eligibility

Eligibility to appear in NEET UG 2018

He / she has completed age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his / her admission to the 1st year MBBS / BDS Course.

The upper age limit for NEET (UG) is 25 years as on the date of examination with relaxation of 5 years for the candidates belonging to SC / ST / OBC category and persons entitled for reservation under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

The Age criteria for appearing in NEET ( UG ), 2018 is as follows :

  • Born on or between 7th May, 1993 and 1st January, 2002 ( Unreserved Category – UR )
  • Born on or between 7th May, 1988 and 1st January, 2002 ( SC / ST / OBC Category )

Indian Nationals, Non Resident Indians ( NRIs ), Oversees Citizen of India ( OCIs ), Persons with Indian Origin ( PIOs ) & Foreign Nationals are eligible to appear in NEET (UG) 2018.

Eligibility for seats under the control of States / Deemed Universities / Central Universities / Seats of ESIC & AFMC including BHU & AMU / Central pool Quota

Indian Nationals, Non Resident Indians ( NRIs ), Oversees Citizen of India ( OCIs ), Persons with Indian Origin ( PIOs ) & Foreign Nationals are eligible for admission in Medical / Dental Colleges subject to rules and regulations framed by the respective State Governments, Institution and the Government of India.

Foreign nationals may confirm their eligibility from the concerned Medical / Dentals College / State.

Eligibility for 15% All India Quota Seats

(a) Indian Nationals, Non Resident Indians ( NRIs ), Oversees Citizen of India ( OCIs ), Persons with Indian Origin ( PIOs ) & Foreign Nationals are eligible for 15% All India Quota Seats.

(b) Candidates from State of J & K

  • Students from State of J & K are not Eligible for 15% all India quota seats as State of J&K has opted out of All India Scheme since its inception. If they claim eligibility, they must submit online Self Declaration which will be generated and printed automatically alongwith confirmation page for the record and to present during counselling.
  • The online Self Declaration of the candidates will be verified at the time of counselling and if found to be false at any time, the candidature/admission of such candidates shall be cancelled and criminal proceedings may be initiated against them.
  • Candidates from the State of J & K can appear in NEET (UG) for admission to Private Medical / Dental Colleges or any Private / Deemed University and Armed Forces Medical College ( AFMC ), Pune subject to the fulfilment of eligibility conditions.
  • The Government of Andhra Pradesh & Telangana respectively have informed that Government of Andhra Pradesh and Government of Telangana have decided to join and contribute to the All India Quota seats. Accordingly, the candidates of these States have also become eligible for 15% All India Quota seats.

Qualifications and Qualifying Examination Codes

Code – 01 : A candidate who is appearing in the qualifying examination, i.e., 12th Standard in 2018, whose result is awaited, may apply and take up the said test but he / she shall not be eligible for admission to the MBBS or BDS, if he / she does not pass the qualifying examination with the required pass percentage of marks at the time of first round of Counselling. (or)

Code – 02 : The Higher / Senior Secondary Examination or the Indian School Certificate Examination which is equivalent to 10+2 Higher / Senior Secondary Examination after a period of 12 years study, the last two years of such study comprising of Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Bio-technology ( which shall include practical tests in these subjects ) and Mathematics or any other elective subject with English at a level not less than the core course for English as prescribed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training after introduction of the 10+2+3 educational structure as recommended by the National Committee on Education.

Note : where the course content is not as prescribed for 10+2 education structure of the National Committee, the candidates will have to undergo a period of one year pre – professional training before admission to the Medical Colleges. (or)

Code – 03 : The Intermediate / Pre-degree Examination in Science of an Indian University / Board or other recognised examining body with Physics, Chemistry, Biology /Bio-technology ( which shall include practical test in these subjects ) and also English as a compulsory subject. (or)

Code – 04 : The Pre-professional / Pre-medical Examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Bio-technology & English after passing either the Higher Secondary Examination or the Pre-University or an equivalent examination. The Pre-professional / Pre-medical examination shall include practical test in these subjects and also English as a compulsory subject. (or)

Code – 05 : The first year of the three years’ degree course of a recognised University with Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Bio-technology including practical tests in these subjects provided the examination is a University Examination and candidate has passed the earlier qualifying examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Bio-technology with English at a level not less than a core course. (or)

Code – 06 : B.Sc. Examination of an Indian University provided that he / she has passed the B.Sc. Examination with not less than two of the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Biology ( Botany, Zoology ) / Bio-technology and further that he / she has passed the earlier qualifying examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English. (or)

Code – 07 : Any other examination which in scope and standard ( Last 02 years of 10+2 Study comprising of Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Bio-technology; Which shall include practical test in these subjects ) is found to be equivalent to the Intermediate Science Examination of an Indian University / Board, taking Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Bio-technology including practical tests in each of these subjects and English.

Provided that to be eligible for competitive entrance examination, candidate must have passed any of the qualifying examinations as enumerated above or appearing in the qualifying examination in 2018. Provided also that to be eligible for competitive Entrance Test the candidate must have passed in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Bio-technology and English individually and must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Bio-technology at the qualifying examination as mentioned in clause (2) of regulation 4 on Graduate Medical Education 1997 and in addition must have come in the merit list of National Eligibility Entrance Test ( UG ) – 2018 for admission to MBBS / BDS courses.

In respect of the candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes or Other Backward Classes, the marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Bio-technology taken together in qualifying examination shall be 40% marks instead of 50% marks for General Candidates. Further, for persons with locomotor disability of lower limbs, minimum of 45% marks for Gen-PH and 40% marks for SC – PH / ST – PH / OBC – PH are required.

Provided further that the students educated abroad seeking admission into medical colleges in India must have passed in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Bio-technology and English up to the 12th standard level with 50% marks and their equivalency determined as per regulations of the Medical Council of India and the concerned University. If a candidate does not fall within the qualifications prescribed as per Code number 01 – 07 he / she should furnish complete details to determine eligibility.

Note : The Pre-medical course may be conducted either at a Medical College or at a Science College. Marks obtained in Mathematics are not to be considered for admission to MBBS / BDS Courses. The candidates who have studied from the Foreign / International Board may ensure that the qualifying examination passed by them should, in scope and standard.

NEET UG 2018 Exam Pattern

Pattern of the Entrance Test

The Entrance Test shall consist of one paper containing 180 objective type questions ( four options with single correct answer ) from Physics, Chemistry and Biology ( Botany & Zoology ) to be answered on the specially designed machine-gradable sheet using Ball Point Pen provided by CBSE at examination centre only.

The duration of test would be 03 hours.

Language of the Question Papers

Candidates can opt for Question Paper in either of the following languages : Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Telugu, Tamil, Urdu.

Option of medium of Question Paper should be exercised while filling in the application form and the option once exercised by candidates cannot be changed later.

Candidates opting for English would be provided Test Booklet in English only. Candidates opting for Hindi would be provided Bilingual Test Booklet i.e. in Hindi and in English.Candidates opting for vernacular languages would be provided Bilingual Test Booklet i.e. in selected language and in English.

In case of any ambiguity in translation of any of the questions, its English version shall be treated as final.

Scoring and Marking

Each item carries 4 marks. For each correct response the candidate will get 4 marks. For each incorrect response one mark will be deducted from the total score. No deduction from the total score will, however, be made if no response is indicated for an item in the answer sheet. The candidates are advised not to attempt such item in answer sheet, if they are not sure of the correct response. More than one answer indicated in a question will be deemed as incorrect response and will be negatively marked.

Medical Entrance Exam Question Bank CD

NEET UG 2018 Seats

An All India merit list of the qualified candidates shall be prepared on the basis of the marks obtained in the NEET UG and candidates shall be admitted to MBBS / BDS courses from the said list only by following the already existing reservation policy.

CBSE will provide All India Rank. Admitting Authorities will invite applications for counselling and merit list shall be drawn based on All India Rank by the Admitting Authorities. Admission to MBBS / BDS Courses within the respective categories shall be based solely on marks obtained in the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test.

Reservation of Seats in Government Medical Colleges under 15% All India Quota

  • 15% seats are reserved for SC candidates,
  • 7.5% seats are reserved for ST candidates,
  • 27% seats as per Central Act are reserved for non-creamy layer OBC candidates only in Central Educational Institutions. Reservation would be applicable to the castes mentioned in the Central list of OBC. Thus, the candidates falling in this list may mention OBC – NCL in the Category Column in application form. Candidates from creamy layer and those who do not come under Central List of OBC are advised to mention their category as Unreserved ( UR ).
  • Differently abled candidates as per MCI guidelines are :
    • Persons having Bench Mark disabilities and entitled for reservation under the Rights of Persons with Disability Act, 2016, 5% seats of the annual sanctioned intake capacity shall be filled up by candidates with Bench Marked Disabilities in accordance with the provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 based on the merit list of “National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test”. If the seats reserve for the persons with disabilities in a particular category remain unfilled on account of unavailability of candidates, the seats should be included in the Annual Sanctioned Seats for the respective category

Detailed information in this regard is available on the website of Medical Counselling Committee – www.mcc.nic.in and on website of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare – www.mohfw.nic.in Candidates who considered themselves eligible for this category are advised to ensure their eligibility by getting themselves examined at any Government Medical College / District Hospital / Government Hospital. However, candidates may kindly note that in case of selection under PH category, they will be required to produce Disability Certificate from one of the disability assessment boards, constituted at the four metro cities, mentioned below, before their scheduled date of counselling :

  • Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, Ansari Nagar, Ring Road, New Delhi – 110029 ( Tel No. 011-26190763 & 26163072 )
  • All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hazi Ali Park, K. Khadya Marg, Mahalaxmi, Mumbai – 400034 ( Tel No. 022 – 23544341 )
  • Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research, 244, Acharya J.C. Bose Marg, Kolkata – 20 ( Tel No. 033 – 22235181 )
  • Madras Medical College, Park Town, Chennai – 600003 ( Tel No. 044 – 25305301 )

Reservation will be made as per 2200 point reservation roster. The mode of implementation of reservation will be available on DGHS website www.mohfw.nic.in.

Admission in State Medical Colleges / Universities / Institutions / Private Medical Colleges for seats other than 15% All India Quota

Admission under State Quota Seats shall be subject to reservation policy and eligibility criteria prevailing in the State / Union Territory as notified by the respective State / Union Territory from time to time.

The reservation of the seats in medical colleges for respective categories shall be as per applicable laws prevailing in State / Union Territory concerned.

Admission to MBBS / BDS Courses in Private Medical Colleges shall be subject to policies of the Government of India / State / Union Territory.

NEET UG 2018 Application Form

Filling up of Application Form

A candidate can apply for the NEET UG only on-line by logging on to www.cbseneet.nic.in. The Online Application form will be available from 8th February, 2018 to 9th March, 2018.

Before submission of application form, make the following preparations :

The information desired to be filled in the online application such as names of Father / Mother and Candidate with correct spellings, Aadhaar Number / Aadhaar Enrolment Number / Registration Number Issued by CBSE Facilitation Number / Passport number / Ration Card Number / bank Account Number / Other valid Govt. Identity card Number, Date of Birth, Address, Mobile Number, E-mail ID, etc. may be kept ready. For more details about the information to be filled in, candidates may go to link “Replica of application – 2018” on the website.

Candidate should have scanned images of his latest Photograph ( size of 10 Kb to 100 Kb ) and Signature ( size of 3 Kb to 20 Kb ) in JPG format only, for uploading as part of submission of online application.

Application Fee

  • For General / OBC Candidates : Rs. 1400/- ( INR )
  • For SC / ST / PH Candidates : Rs. 750/- ( INR )

The last date of submission of NEET UG Application fee is 10th March, 2018.

Note : In addition to examination fee, service / processing charges will also be paid by the candidate for online payment of fee through Debit / Credit Card / UPI / Net Banking / e-wallet along with Service Tax as applicable by the respective banks. Details of the same are available on Board’s website. The candidates must note that after submission of the application form it cannot be withdrawn. Claims for refund of application fee will not be entertained.

Candidates are advised that fee should not be paid from the account / Debit Card / Credit Card of Cyber Café as refund, if any from the CBSE will be credited in the same account from which it has been paid to the CBSE.

Mode of Payment

  • Through any Debit / Credit Card using on-line gateway payment facility or
  • Net Banking / UPI
  • e-wallet of various service providers

If decided to pay fee through Debit / Credit Card, check the validity of the Card and keep it ready while logging on to website for submitting application form.

If decided to pay fee through Net Banking / UPI (or) e-wallet follow the instructions as communicated during the online processing.

Keep the statement of bank / Net Banking transaction receipt / e-wallet receipt bearing Application Registration Number for future reference. Print the Confirmation Page of online application after submission in case of debit / credit card / Net Banking / UPI / e-wallet. 

Failure to complete of Online Application and further payment of fee , final Submission of Online Application will remain incomplete and unsuccessful in all modes of payment of fee.

NEET UG 2018 Admit Card

The NEET 2018 Entrance Exam Admit Card will be downloaded from the official website link of http://cbseneet.nic.in/cbseneet/Welcome.aspx

The CBSE will provide the facility of downloading Admit Cards of NEET UG on the Board’s website along with a format for affixing of Postcard size photograph. Candidates are required to download the admit cards from the website and follow the instructions given therein. Candidate may please note that admit cards will not be sent by the post. When candidate will download the Admit Card, a copy of the same in pdf fomat will also be emailed to the candidate on the registered email id.

The Admit Card will bear the candidate’s Roll Number, Name, Father’s Name, Category, Sub-Category, Photograph, Signature, Date of Birth, Language of Question Paper with Name and Address of examination centre allotted. The candidate should carefully examine the Admit Card downloaded by him / her for all the entries made therein.

NEET UG 2018 Exam Centres

STATE NAMECITYCODESTATE NAMECITYCODE
AND.& NICOBARPORT BLAIR5001MAHARASHTRAAHMEDNAGAR5075
ANDHRA PRADESHGUNTUR5002MAHARASHTRAAMRAVATHI5076
ANDHRA PRADESHKAKINADA5003MAHARASHTRAAURANGABAD5077
ANDHRA PRADESHKURNOOL5004MAHARASHTRABEED5078
ANDHRA PRADESHNELLORE5005MAHARASHTRABULDANA5079
ANDHRA PRADESHRAJAMUNDRY5006MAHARASHTRAJALGAON5080
ANDHRA PRADESHTIRUPATHI5007MAHARASHTRAKOLHAPUR5081
ANDHRA PRADESHVIJAYAWADA5008MAHARASHTRALATUR5082
ANDHRA PRADESHVISAKHAPATNAM5009MAHARASHTRAMUMBAI5083
ANDHRA PRADESHVIZIANAGARAM5010MAHARASHTRAMUMBAI

SUBURBAN
5084
ARUNACHAL PRADESHITANAGAR5011MAHARASHTRANAGPUR5085
ASSAMDIBRUGARH5012MAHARASHTRANANDED5086
ASSAMGUWAHATI5013MAHARASHTRANASIK5087
ASSAMSILCHAR5014MAHARASHTRAPUNE5088
ASSAMTEZPUR5015MAHARASHTRASATARA5089
BIHARGAYA5016MAHARASHTRASOLAPUR5090
BIHARPATNA5017MAHARASHTRATHANE5091
CHANDIGARHCHANDIGARH5018MANIPURIMPHAL5092
CHHATTISGARHBILASPUR5019MEGHALAYASHILLONG5093
CHHATTISGARHRAIPUR5020MIZORAMAIZAWL5094
DADRA & NAGAR HAVELIDADRA & NAGAR HAVELI5021NAGALANDDIMAPUR5095
DAMAN & DIUDAMAN5022NAGALANDKOHIMA5096
DELHIDELHI (CENTRAL)5023ODISHAANGUL5097
DELHIDELHI (EAST)5024ODISHABALASORE5098
DELHIDELHI (NORTH)5025ODISHACUTTACK5099
DELHIDELHI (SOUTH)5026ODISHABEHRAMPUR5100
DELHIDELHI (WEST)5027ODISHABHUBANESHWAR5101
GOAPANAJI5028ODISHAROURKELA5102
GUJARATAHMEDABAD5029ODISHASAMBALPUR5103
GUJARATANAND5030PUDUCHERRYPUDUCHERRY5104
GUJARATBHAVNAGAR5031PUNJABAMRITSAR5105
GUJARATGANDHINAGAR5032PUNJABBHATINDA5106
GUJARATGODHRA5033PUNJABJALANDHAR5107
GUJARATPATAN5034RAJASTHANAJMER5108
GUJARATRAJKOT5035RAJASTHANBIKANER5109
GUJARATSURAT5036RAJASTHANJAIPUR5110
GUJARATVADODARA5037RAJASTHANJODHPUR5111
GUJARATVALSAD5038RAJASTHANKOTA5112
HARYANAFARIDABAD5039RAJASTHANUDAIPUR5113
HARYANAGURGAON5040SIKKIMGANGTOK5114
HIMACHAL PRADESHDHARAMSHALA5041TAMIL NADUCHENNAI5115
HIMACHAL PRADESHHAMIRPUR5042TAMIL NADUCOIMBATORE5116
HIMACHAL PRADESHSHIMLA5043TAMIL NADUKANCHEEPURAM5117
JAMMU & KASHMIRJAMMU5044TAMIL NADUKHAMMAM5118
JAMMU & KASHMIRSRINAGAR5045TAMIL NADUMADURAI5119
JAMMU & KASHMIRUDHAMPUR5046TAMIL NADUNAMAKKAL5120
JHARKHANDBOKARO5047TAMIL NADURANGA REDDY5121
JHARKHANDJAMSHEDPUR5048TAMIL NADUSALEM5122
JHARKHANDRANCHI5049TAMIL NADUTHIRUVALLUR5123
KARNATAKABANGALORE5050TAMIL NADUTIRUCHIRAPALLI5124
KARNATAKABELGAUM5051TAMIL NADUTIRUNELVELI5125
KARNATAKADAVANGERE5052TAMIL NADUVELLORE5126
KARNATAKADHARWAD5053TELANGANAHYDERABAD5127
KARNATAKAGULBARGA5054TELANGANAWARANGAL5128
KARNATAKAHUBLI5055TRIPURAAGARTALA5129
KARNATAKAMANGALORE5056UTTARAKHANDDEHRADUN5130
KARNATAKAMYSORE5057UTTARAKHANDHALDWANI5131
KARNATAKAUDUPI5058UTTAR PRADESHALLAHABAD5132
KERALAALAPPUZHA5059UTTAR PRADESHBAREILLY5133
KERALAERNAKULAM5060UTTAR PRADESHGHAZIABAD5134
KERALAKANNUR5061UTTAR PRADESHGORAKHPUR5135
KERALAKOLLAM5062UTTAR PRADESHJHANSI5136
KERALAKOTTAYAM5063UTTAR PRADESHKANPUR5137
KERALAKOZHIKODE5064UTTAR PRADESHLUCKNOW5138
KERALAMALAPPURAM5065UTTAR PRADESHMEERUT5139
KERALAPALAKKAD5066UTTAR PRADESHNOIDA5140
KERALATHRISSUR5067UTTAR PRADESHROORKEE5141
KERALATRIVANDRUM5068UTTAR PRADESHVARANASI5142
LAKSHADWEEPKAVARATTI5069WEST BENGALBURDWAN5143
MADHYA PRADESHBHOPAL5070WEST BENGALDURGAPUR5144
MADHYA PRADESHGWALIOR5071WEST BENGALHOOGLI5145
MADHYA PRADESHINDORE5072WEST BENGALHOWRAH5146
MADHYA PRADESHJABALPUR5073WEST BENGALKHARAGPUR5147
MADHYA PRADESHUJJAIN5074WEST BENGALKOLKATA5148
  WEST BENGALSILIGURI5149
 WEST BENGAL24 PARGANA
( NORTH )
5150

NEET UG 2018 Syllabus

Physics

S.No.CLASS XICLASS XII
1Physical world and measurementElectrostatics
2KinematicsCurrent Electricity
3Laws of MotionMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
4Work, Energy and PowerElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
5Motion of System of Particles and Rigid BodyElectromagnetic Waves
6GravitationOptics
7Properties of Bulk MatterDual Nature of Matter and Radiation
8ThermodynamicsAtoms and Nuclei
9Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic TheoryElectronic Devices
10Oscillations and Waves

Chemistry

S.No.CLASS XICLASS XII
1Some Basic Concepts of ChemistrySolid State
2Structure of AtomSolutions
3Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesElectrochemistry
4Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Chemical Kinetics
5States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsSurface Chemistry
6ThermodynamicsGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
7Equilibriump- Block Elements
8Redox Reactionsd and f Block Elements
9HydrogenCoordination Compounds
10s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
11Some p-Block ElementsAlcohols, Phenols and Ethers
12Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and TechniquesAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
13HydrocarbonsOrganic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
14Environmental ChemistryBiomolecules
15Polymers
16Chemistry in Everyday Life

Biology

S.No.CLASS XICLASS XII
1Diversity in Living WorldReproduction
2Structural Organisation in Animals and PlantsGenetics and Evolution
3Cell Structure and FunctionBiology and Human Welfare
4Plant PhysiologyBiotechnology and Its Applications
5Human physiologyEcology and environment

Physics Syllabus

Contents Class XI Syllabus

Unit I : Physical World and Measurement

  • Physics : Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
  • Need for measurement : Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

Unit II : Kinematics

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion ( graphical treatment ).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities : Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

Medical Entrance Exam Question Bank CD

Unit III : Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion ( vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road ).

Unit IV : Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy ( kinetic and potential energies ); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit V : Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects ( no derivation ). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

Unit VI : Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

Unit VII : Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

Unit VIII : Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature ( zeroth law of Thermodynamics ). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit IX : Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases : Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy ( statement only ) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.

Unit X : Oscillations and Waves

  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations ( qualitative ideas only ), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

Contents of Class XII Syllabus

Unit I : Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell ( field inside and outside )
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges : equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.

Unit II : Current Electricity

  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics ( liner and non-linear ), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit III : Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole ( bar magnet ) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole ( bar magnet ) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

Unit IV : Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current / voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations ( qualitative treatment only ), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

Unit V : Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current.
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics ( qualitative ideas only ). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum ( radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays ) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI : Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments : Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects ( myopia and hypermetropia ) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes ( reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics : Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

Unit VII : Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment ( experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained ).

Unit VIII : Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles / rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

Unit IX : Electronic Devices

Energy bands in solids ( qualitative ideas only ), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier ( common emitter configuration ) and oscillator. Logic gates ( OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR ).
Transistor as a switch.

Chemistry Syllabus

Contents of Class XI Syllabus

Unit I : Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • General Introduction : Important and scope of chemistry.
  • Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
  • Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

Unit II : Structure of Atom

  • Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

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Unit III : Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.

Unit IV : Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules ( qualitative idea only ). Hydrogen bond.

Unit V : States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds ( elementary idea ), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
  • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension ( qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations ).

Unit VI : Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ∆U and ∆H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.
  • Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
  • Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.

Unit VII : Equilibrium

  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH., Hydrolysis of salts ( elementary idea ), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect ( with illustrative examples ).

Unit VIII : Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.

Unit IX : Hydrogen

  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure;

Unit X : s-Block Elements ( Alkali and Alkaline earth metals )

  • Group I and group 2 elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties ( such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii ), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium.
  • Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

Unit XI : Some p-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
  • Group 13 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds : borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium : uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
  • General 14 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties : uses of some important compounds: oxides.
  • Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

Unit XII : Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

Unit XIII : Hydrocarbons

  • Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations ( ethane only ), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond ( ethene ), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides ( Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect ), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
  • Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond ( ethyne ), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions : acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties : mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

Unit XIV : Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution : Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

Contents of Class XII Syllabus

Unit I : Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids ( elementary idea ), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

Unit II : Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor.

Unit III : Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis ( elementary idea ), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

Unit IV : Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction ( average and instantaneous ), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life ( only for zero and first order reactions ); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment ). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.

Unit V : Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

Unit VI : General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

Unit VII : p-Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen ( structure only ); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides ( PCI3, PCI5 ) and oxoacids ( elementary idea only ).
  • Group 16 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur ( structures only ).
  • Group 17 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens ( structures only ).
  • Group 18 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

Unit VIII : d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • Actinoids : Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

Unit IX : Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism ( structural and stereo ) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds ( in qualitative analysis, biological systems ).

Unit X : Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes : Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes : Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions ( directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only ).
  • Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

Unit XI : Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties ( of primary alcohols only ); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
  • Phenols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

Unit XII : Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones : Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
  • Carboxylic Acids : Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Unit XIII : Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines : Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit XIV : Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates- Classification ( aldoses and ketoses ), monosaccharide ( glucose and fructose ), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides ( sucrose, lactose, maltose ), polysaccharides ( starch, cellulose, glycogen ) : importance.
  • Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones- Elementary idea ( excluding structure ).
  • Vitamins- Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids : DNA and RNA

Unit XV : Polymers

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization ( addition and condensation ), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

Unit XVI : Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Biology Syllabus

Contents of Class XI Syllabus

Unit I : Diversity in Living World

  • What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
  • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms ( three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiospermsclassification up to class, characteristic features and examples ).
  • Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level ( three to five salient features and at least two examples ).

Unit II : Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed ( To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus ).
  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems ( digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect ( cockroach ). ( Brief account only )

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Unit III : Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles ( ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
  • B Cell division : Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

Unit IV : Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants : Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases ( brief mention ).
  • Mineral nutrition : Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
  • Photosynthesis : Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis ( Elementary idea ); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  • Respiration : Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation ( anaerobic ), TCA cycle and electron transport system ( aerobic ); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
  • Plant growth and development : Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

Unit V : Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals ( recall only ); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions ( To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus ); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action ( Elementary Idea ); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders ( Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease ).

( Important : Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief. )

Contents of Class XII Syallbus

Unit I : Reproduction

  • Reproduction in organisms : Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollinationtypes, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization eventsDevelopment of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
  • Human Reproduction : Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesisspermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation ( Elementary idea ); Parturition ( Elementary idea ); Lactation ( Elementary idea ).
  • Reproductive health : Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases ( STD ); Birth controlNeed and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy ( MTP ); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT ( Elementary idea for general awareness ).

Unit II : Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation : Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance : Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing.
  • Evolution : Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence ); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation ( Mutation and Recombination ) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

Unit III : Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases ( Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm ); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

Unit IV : Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering ( Recombinant DNA technology ).
  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture : Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

Unit V : Ecology and environment

  • Organisms and environment : Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
  • Ecosystem : Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling ( carbon and phosphorous ); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation : Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.
  • Environmental issues : Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

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NEET UG 2018 Important Dates

S.NoEventDate
1Schedule for on-line submission of application forms8th February, 2018 ( Thursday ) to 9th March, 2018 ( Friday ) upto 23:50 Hrs. ( IST )
2Last date for successful final transaction of fee8th February, 2018 ( Thursday ) to 10th March, 2018 ( Saturday ) upto 23:50 Hrs. ( IST )
3Correction in Application Form12th March, 2018 ( Monday ) to 16th March, 2018 ( Friday )
4Date of uploading of Admit-Cards on website2nd Week of April, 2018
5Date of Examination, NEET ( UG ) – 20186th May, 2018 ( Sunday )
6Display of OMR SheetWill be intimated through website
7Display of Answer KeyWill be intimated through website
8Declaration of Result5th June, 2018 ( Tuesday )
Time Schedule NEET UG 2018
aEntry in the Examination Hall7:30 AM to 9:30 AM
bChecking of Admit Cards by the invigilator9:30 AM to 9:45 AM
cDistribution of Test Booklet9:45 AM
dSeal of the Test Booklet to be broken / opened to take out the Answer Sheet9:55 AM
eLatest Entry in the Examination Hall9:30 AM
fTest Commences10:00 AM
gTest Concludes1:00 PM
8Material to be brought on the day of examinationAdmit Card, Passport size Photograph and Post Card Size Photograph affixed on proforma.
9Rough WorkAll rough work is to be done in the Test Booklet
only. The candidate will not do any rough work
or put stray mark on the machine gradable
Answer Sheet.
10Use of Blue / Black Ball Point Pen onlyPen will be provided at the centre for writing of
particulars on the Test Booklet and responses on the Answer Sheet.

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